The National Mechanism for the Prevention of Torture
Creation of a National Mechanism to Prevent Torture and inhuman and degrading treatment is a requirement of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Torture (OPCAT). By international standards in implementing commitments to eradicate torture, Moldova signed on 16 September 2005 and by Law 66 of March 30, 2006 ratified the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention adopted by the UN General Assembly on 18 December 2002. Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment entered into force for Moldova on 24 July 2006.Practical implementation of OPCAT strictly determined formula does not identify the mechanisms, although most European countries which have signed. Ratified and have opted for national human rights institutions. Therefore, realizing the need to involve civil society in national processes to eradicate torture under the Centre of Human Rights was set up an advisory board that is meant to provide advice and assistance in carrying Parliamentary Advocates as National Mechanism prevention of torture and monitoring of direct powers of torture and other cruel or inhuman treatment or punishment. Ratified the Optional Protocol, Moldova has reaffirmed that torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment are prohibited and constitute serious violations of human rights.